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  例题解析

  Museums in the Modern World

  1 Museums have changed.they are no longer places for the privileged few or for bored vacationers to visit on rainy days.Action and democracy are words used in descriptions of museums now.

  2 At a science museum in Ontario,Canada,you can feel your hair stand on end as harmless electricity passes through your body.At the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City, you can look at 17th century instruments while listening to their music.At the Modem Museum in Sweden,you can put on costumes provided by the Stockholm Opera.As these examples show, museums are.reaching out to new audiences,particularly the young, the poor, and the less educated members of the population.As a result,attendance is increasing.

  3 More and more,museums directors are realizing that people learn best when they can somehow become part of what they are seeing.In many science museums,for example,

  there are no guided tours.The visitor is encouraged to touch,listen,operate,and experiment so as to discover scientific principles for himself.He can have the experience of operating a spaceship or a computer.He can experiment with glass blowing and paper making.The purpose is not only to provide fun but also to help people feel at home in the world of science.The theory is that people who do not understand science will probably fear it,and those who fear science will not use it to best advantage.Many museums now provide educational services and childrens departments.In addition to the usual displays.they also offer film showings and dance programs.Instead of being places that oneshouldvisit,they are places to enjoy.

  4 One cause of a11 these changes is the increase in wealth and leisure time.Another cause is the rising percentage of young people in the population.Many of these young people are college students or college graduates.They are better educated than their parents.they see things in a new and different way.They are not content to stand and look at works of art;they want art they can participate in.The same is true of science and history.In the US, certain groups who formerly were too poor to care about anything beyond the basic needs of daily life are now becoming curious about the world around them.The young people in these groups,like young people in general,have benefited from a better education than their parents received.All these groups,and the rest of the population as well.have been influenced by television,which has taught them about other places and other times.

  5 The effect of all this has been to change existing museums and to encourage the building of new ones.In the US and Canada alone,there are now more than 6,000 museums, almost twice as many as there were 25 years ago.About half of them are devoted to history, and the rest are evenly divided between the arts and sciences.The number of visitors, according to the American Association of museums,has risen to more than 700 million a year.

  6 In fact,the crowds of visitors at some museums are creating a major problem.Admission to museums has always been either free or very inexpensive,but now some museums are charging entrance fees for the first time or raising their prices.Even when raised, however, entrance fees are generally too low to support a museum,with its usually 1arge building and its highly trained staff.

  练习:

  1. Paragraph 2

  2. Paragraph 3

  3. Paragraph 4

  4. Paragraph 5

  A Causes of Changes

  B Increasing Number of Museums and Visitors

  C Museums Getting Closer to More Spectators

  D Movies Shown in Museums

  E New Notions about the Management of Museums

  F Places to Visit

  5.Now museums are no longer restricted to the privileged few,but .

  6.With the development of society, people,especially the young people,__________. 7.To meet the needs of society,more museums .

  8.Two major problems for museums are that they have too many visitors and they

  A have higher demands of museums

  B are open to more people with different social background

  C to lengthen their opening hours

  D charge too little for admission 。

  E have been built and open to public

  F by lowering the admission fees

  答案及解析:

  1. 文章标题分析:Museums in the Modern World

  2. 小标题被选项分析:(注意小标题中的核心词/结构)

  A Causes of Changes

  B Increasing Number of Museums and Visitors

  C Museums Getting Closer to More Spectators

  D Movies Shown in Museums

  E New Notions about the Management of Museums

  F Places to Visit

  3. 直接解题:

  A Causes of Changes

  B Increasing Number of Museums and Visitors

  C Museums Getting Closer to More Spectators

  D Movies Shown in Museums

  E New Notions about the Management of Museums

  F Places to Visit

  1 Paragraph 2

  2 At a science museum in Ontario,Canada,you can feel your hair stand on end as harmless electricity passes through your body.At the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City, you can look at 17th century instruments while listening to their music.At the Modern Museum in Sweden,you can put on costumes provided by the Stockholm Opera.As these examples show, museums are reaching out to new audiences,particularly the young, the poor, and the less educated members of the population.As a result,attendance is increasing.

  1. C。分析:首先注意段落中是否出现重复的词汇段落核心词,发现没有明显的核心词出现,所以关注段首句和/或段未句,段未句说因此, 参观的人数在不断增加, 该句在句意上看是总结概括句,对照该句句意判断B很可能是答案,但是B中提到的博物馆数的增加在段落中没有相应的内容出现,因此判断B并不是答案。而C也提到了观众段落观点句中的核心词,C说博物馆走进越来越多的观众,在段落的倒数第2句中就发现了该含义的呼应结构As these examples show, museums are reaching out to new audiences,particularly the young, the poor, and the less educated members of the population因此判断答案应该是C。

  思路特点:段首句和/或段未句的用词/含义确认段落中心/中心用词。

  A Causes of Changes

  B Increasing Number of Museums and Visitors

  D Movies Shown in Museums

  E New Notions about the Management of Museums

  F Places to Visit

  2 Paragraph 3

  3 More and more museums directors are realizing that people learn best when they can somehow become part of what they are seeing.In many science museums,for example, there are no guided tours.The visitor is encouraged to touch,listen,operate,and experiment so as to discover scientific principles for himself.He can have the experience of operating a spaceship or a computer.He can experiment with glass blowing and paper making.The purpose is not only to provide fun but also to help people feel at home in the world of science.The theory is that people who do not understand science will probably fear it,and those who fear science will not use it to best advantage.Many museums now provide educational services and childrens departments.In addition to the usual displays.they also offer film showings and dance programs.Instead of being places that oneshouldvisit,they are places to enjoy.

  1. E。 分析:首先注意段落中是否出现重复的词汇段落核心词,发现没有明显的核心词出现,所以关注段首句和/或段未句,发现段首句的结构是许多博物馆的馆长意识到..,因此判断该句是观点句借助权威人士之口阐述观点,但是该句句意与被选项之间似乎并没有关系,段未句说博物馆应该是喜欢的地方。注意段落中的特殊句子:举例句:In many science museums,for example, there are no guided tours,Many museums now provide educational services and childrens departments 这些句子在讲述博物馆的变化,但是段落中并没有提到造成变化的原因,因此排除A,比较剩下的选项判断E合适:D和F都太具体,而E正是对段首句和段未句的句意的概括。

  思路特点:借助段落中特殊句子(往往是举例句)的句意缩小答案选择范围。

  A Causes of Changes

  B Increasing Number of Museums and Visitors

  D Movies Shown in Museums

  F Places to Visit

  3 Paragraph 4

  4 One cause of a11 these changes is the increase in wealth and leisure time.Another cause is the rising percentage of young people in the population.Many of these young people are college students or college graduates.They are better educated than their parents.they see things in a new and different way.They are not content to stand and look at works of art;they want art they can participate in.The same is true of science and history.In the US, certain groups who formerly were too poor to care about anything beyond the basic needs of daily life are now becoming curious about the world around them.The young people in these groups,like young people in general,have benefited from a better education than their parents received.All these groups,and the rest of the population as well.have been influenced by television,which has taught them about other places and other times.

  2. A。分析:注意到段首句和接下来的句子中出现的同样的词汇cause,而且这两句中的结构分别是造成这些变化的一个原因..,另一个原因是..这些结构正好与A呼应, 因此判断A是答案。

  思路特点:段落核心词决定答案范围/答案。

  B Increasing Number of Museums and Visitors

  D Movies Shown in Museums

  F Places to Visit

  4 Paragraph 5

  5 The effect of all this has been to change existing museums and to encourage the building of new ones.In the US and Canada alone,there are now more than 6,000 museums, almost twice as many as there were 25 years ago.About half of them are devoted to history, and the rest are evenly divided between the arts and sciences.The number of visitors, according to the American Association of museums,has risen to more than 700 million a year.

  3. B。 分析:首先注意段落中是否出现重复的词汇段落核心词,发现没有明显的核心词出现,所以关注段首句和/或段未句,发现段首句在内容上讲述鼓励增加博物馆的数量,而段未句谈到参观者人数的增加,因此判断B是答案。

  思路特点:借助段首句和段未句的句意综合判断答案。

  A have higher demands of museums

  B are open to more people with different social background

  C to lengthen their opening hours

  D charge too little for admission

  E have been built and open to public

  F by lowering the admission fees

  5.Now museums are no longer restricted to the privileged few,but .

  5. B. 分析:该句可直接借助搭配句意判断答案:不再是对有特权的少数人开放,而是面向有着不同背静的大多数人。

  A have higher demands of museums

  C to lengthen their opening hours

  D charge too little for admission

  E have been built and open to public

  F by lowering the admission fees

  6. With the development of society, people,especially the young people,__________.

  6.分析:空格处需要谓语,从搭配句意上看A合适:(年轻人对博物馆有更高的要求。)

  C to lengthen their opening hours

  D charge too little for admission

  E have been built and open to public

  F by lowering the admission fees

  7.To meet the needs of society,more museums .

  7. E。分析:借助前面解答概括大意时的理解需要修建更多的博物馆,判断E是答案。

  C to lengthen their opening hours

  D charge too little for admission

  F by lowering the admission fees

  8.Two major problems for museums are that they have too many visitors and they

  8. D。 分析:空格处需要谓语,所以D合适。也可以借助文章中的相关句来解答问题,利用题干中的核心词major problems for museums作为答案线索,这样发现答案相关句:In fact,the crowds of visitors at some museums are creating a major problem.Admission to museums has always been either free or very inexpensive,but now some museums are charging entrance fees for the first time or raising their prices.Even when raised, however, entrance fees are generally too low to support a museum,with its usually 1arge building and its highly trained staff.该句直接揭示答案是D。

  

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